IPERION HSIntegrating Platforms for the European Research Infrastructure ON Heritage Science

Particle Induced Gamma-ray Emission (PIGE)

PIGE is part of nuclear reaction analysis (NRA) technique. Nuclear reactions of the incident ion with the nucleus of the target atom emit photons (gamma-rays) or charged particles. PIGE only measures the gamma-rays and is of high interest for the detection of low-Z elements. Some low-Z elements can also be detected by PIXE but the information depth is deeper for PIGE. Elemental maps can be recorded to display the distribution of elements.

Fields of application

  • Cultural heritage

    archaeological object and site, architecture, art, decorative arts, demo anthropologic object, film, manuscript, mosaics, musical instrument, other, painting, papyrus, photo, sculpture, textile


  • inorganic

    glass, stone, metal and metallurgical By-Products, parchment, ceramic (clay, mud brick, terracotta, earthenware, stoneware, porcelain), pigment

  • organic

    wood, paper, textiles


Scanning Nuclear Microprobe

The Oxford type scanning nuclear microprobe is operated at one of the beamlines of our particle accelerator. The beam diameter is about 1-3 microns for the usual applications in vacuum. The microprobe is equipped with a 5-axis goniometer (X-Y-Z translations and two rotations, to move the sample into the required position), optical microscope, cameras and...

Contact person
Zita Szikszai
Archive image

Type and energy of particles: protons or deuterons from 1 to 4MeV or Alphas from 2 to 6MeV for Alphas. Beam size: down to 20µm. Single spot or mapping on areas up to cm²-sized area (max 20x20cm²). PIGE system: HPGe detector. Limits of detection : down to 100ppm regarding the elements